Focus on Learning, Interaction, and Play (FLIP) at Recess


Focus on Learning, Interaction, and Play (FLIP) at Recess is an intervention designed to build social competence and play skills for elementary students with severe disabilities, including students with intellectual disability or on the autism spectrum who have significant support needs.

This intervention involves a combination of peer-mediated intervention and video modeling. Our team has documented initial promise for FLIP Recess in pilot research studies. Read about our findings here.

We are currently testing the effects of FLIP Recess in a large-scale randomized-controlled trial with elementary schools in Central Ohio. Our team will be supporting teachers and school staff to implement FLIP Recess, and we will measure the short and long-term effects on peer interactions, play skills, social competence, and social connections.

 – Funding –

FLIP is funded by the Institute of Education Sciences in the U.S. Department of Education.

 – Timeline –

FLIP received a five-year award from July 1, 2021 to June 30, 2026.


We are looking for school partners who are interested in participating in FLIP Recess. If you would like to partner with us to improve social and play outcomes for students with severe disabilities at your school, please contact Hannah Rogers at


Check out this shoutout from a parent about FLIP Recess in the Licking County Board of Developmental Disabilities newsletter!

Meet the Team

Matthew Brock, PhD

Primary Investigator

Laura Justice, PhD


Ann O’Connell, PhD


Tzu-Jung Lin, PhD


Hannah Rogers

Project Coordinator

Graduate Student Researchers:

Steven Hunt